How Should We (INDIA) Handle Pakistan’s Volatile Situation After Its Disintegration?

Pakistan is facing a number of political, economic, and social challenges. The country has struggled with a weak economy, high inflation, and a shortage of essential commodities. Additionally, there have been issues with political instability, particularly with the rise of extremist groups such as the  Pakistan Taliban.Pakistan is an artificial construct created by the British to counterbalance India is facing existential crisis leading to rapid acceleration of disintegration of the Islamic nation in the foreseeable future. The Indian Government seems to have got the wind of the long standing internal crisis that has plagued and that is reflected in the statement statement made on September 10th, 2019  by Union Minister Jitendra Singh  that the Modi government’s priority is to get back parts of Pakistan-administered Kashmir and make them a part of Indian territory. This statement aligns with long-standing Indian government’s position that the entire region of Jammu and Kashmir is an integral part of India and that Pakistan-administered Kashmir is illegally occupied. And soon later Senior RSS leader Indresh Kumar said that Pakistan will be merged with India after the year 2025. 

And recently a huge rally was held in Gilgit Baltistan to demand the reopening of the Kargil Road and reunion with their fellow Baltis in the Kargil district of the union territory of Ladakh in India. For many years residents of Pakistan Occupied Jammu and Kashmir have been protesting against Pakistan  Pakistan’s discriminatory policies over ownership of land, making demographic changes, hiking taxes as well as about basic living conditions such as power-cuts, food shortage and electricity rates.The crippling humanitarian and financial crisis that has engulfed Pakistan has sparked series of protest in Sindh province with demand for the creation of seperate ‘Sindhudesh’. Compounding the problem of the Pakistan establishment are the constant attacks by freedom fighters of Balochistan for surrendering infrastructure ports and mining rights to the Chinese. 

The political landscape of the Indian subcontinent will change as a result of the fall of Pakistan, giving rise to numerous smaller sovereign countries, some of which may  express their desire to merge with India. In order to safeguard Pakistan’s nuclear arsenals and ensure that the necessary technical know-how is secured, the Indian government will likely need to collaborate with the US, EU, Russia, and China. Additionally, because we are next door and share a 2000 km land border, the effects of this will spread far and wide. The government has to be prepared for military intervention to establish a democratic government, the possibility for a refugee exodus to India, and demands for accession to the Indian Union. 

In the event of a merger, the Indian government must develop a policy framework for giving citizenship to people of Pakistan-occupied Jammu and Kashmir. To ensure that troublesome aspects of past inhabitants are detected and eliminated, a thorough background check of the residents must be conducted and citizenship must only be awarded after a few years. By voting their own MPs, the other smaller provinces can maintain their independence while India oversees foreign, defence, and monetary policies. The Indian government must learn from its mistakes during Bangladesh’s formation by retaining control over key decisions and securing India’s interests in order to keep the peace. Furthermore, the citizens of the newly established autonomous nations and merged regions will take generation to fully integrate into the Indian Union.

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